Research Skills

Types of Research Materials

Encyclopedias

Atlas

Almanac

Thesaurus

Dictionary

Bibliography Examples

Encyclopedia

Author of article (if known)
Editor of encyclopedia (if known)
Name of the encyclopedia article
Year published
Volume number if citing a specific entry.
Edition
Page numbers
Publication information

Format:

Author, A. (Date). Name of Article. [In} A. Editor (Ed). Name of Encyclopedia (Edition, Volume, Page Numbers). Place Published: Publisher.

Examples:

Smith, E. (Ed). (2000). Westbrook Encyclopedia (2nd ed., Vol.1). Chicago: Columbia Press.

Online

When citing an online encylopedia, include as much original publication information as possible, and:
Date Accessed
URL

Format:

Author, A. (Date). Name of Article. [In]. A. Editor (Ed). Name of Encyclopedia (Edition, Volume, Page Numbers). Place Published: PUblisher. [Retrieved] date, [from]URL of Website.

Example:
Smith, J. (2001). John Smith. In L. McDonald (ed). Westbrook Encyclopedia of People. Columbia Press. Retrieved November 22, 2012, from http://www.westbrook.com/ml.

Book

Author's name: Last name, first name.
Title of Book in ITALICS or underlined if handwritten.
Publisher:
Place of Publication,
Copywrite Date.

Example:

Smithy, Kate (1998). Giraffes in Africa. Columbia Press: New York, 1998.

Magazine

Author's Name: Last name, first name.
"Title of Artlicle" in parentheses.
Magazine Title in ITALICS or underlined.
Month of publication, year of publication:
Page numbers.

Example:

Simpson, Fred. "Green Sheep." Sheep Lives Monthly. June 2009: 34-36.